Lalu Prasad Yadav(born 11 June 1948) is an Indian politician. He is from the state of Bihar and is the President of the Rashtriya Janata Dal, former Chief Minister of Bihar, former UPA Minister of Railways, and Ð° former Member of Parliament of the 15th Lok Sabha.
He entered politics at Patna University as a student leader and was elected as then youngest member of the Lok Sabha in 1977 as a Janata Party candidate at the age of 29.He became Chief Minister of Bihar in 1990 but had to resign in 1997 following escalating corruption charges relating to the Fodder Scam. From 1997 to 2005 his wife Rabri Devi ruled as the Chief Minister, who was accused by critics of being Lalu's "surrogate."Lalu's tenure as Chief Minister of the state has been criticized for lawlessness and has been termed as the Jungle Raj.After a long gap his party came to power in Bihar Legislative Assembly election, 2015 in partnership with Nitish Kumar of JD(U), but Nitish Kumar dumped Lalu's party from the power in July 2017 after the Enforcement Directorate and CBI lodged several criminal cases against Lalu, his wife Rabri, his son and former deputy Chief Minister, Tejashwi Yadav, in another disproportionate assets and railway tender bribery scam during Lalu's stint as the Railway Minister.
Known as a down to earth, civil & social rights leader and colourful politician he has also been criticized for promoting and encouraging caste-based politics,with several corruption court cases against him. On 3 October 2013, he was sentenced to five years of rigorous imprisonment and â‚¹25 lakh (US$38,000) fine for his role in the first Fodder Scam by CBI court,then again for 3.5 years in a second fodder scam case on the same day 23 December 2017 when his member of parliament daughter Misa Bharti was also officially charged by Enforcement Directorate in disproportionate assets, while 3 more fodder scam cases against him are also pending in the court.Yadav was found guilty in third fodder scam case in January, 2018.In March, 2018 Special CBI Court convicted him in the fourth fodder scam case which is related to swindling of Rs. 3.13 crore from the Dumka treasury.In Dumka Treasury case total Rs 60 lakh fine imposed (Rs 30 lakh under PC act and Rs 30 lakh under IPC) and 14 years imprisonment (7 years under IPC and 7 years under Prevention of Corruption Act) on Lalu Prasad Yadav in to run consecutively.
Lalu, 2nd of his parents six sons, was born in Phulwaria in Bihar to Kundan Rai and Marachhiya Devi, attended a local middle school before moving to Patna with his elder brother.After completing Bachelor of Laws and a Master in Political Science from B. N. College of Patna University, he worked as clerk in Bihar Veterinary College at Patna where his elder brother was also a peon.He turned down Patna University's Honorary Doctorate in 2004.
Yadav married Rabri Devi on 1 June 1973, in an arranged marriage,and they went on to have 9 children, 2 sons and 7 daughters.
In 1970, Lalu entered in student politics as General Secretary of the Patna University Students' Union (PUSU), became its president in 1973,joined Jai Prakash Narayan' Bihar Movement in 1974 where he became sufficiently close to Janata Party (JP) leaders to became the Janata alliance's winning candidate in the 1977 Lok Sabha election from Chapra at the age of 29.In 1979,the Janata Party government fell due to in-fighting.The parliament was dissolved with new polls held in 1980. Lalu quit Janata party to join the splinter group, Janata Party-S led by Raj Narain, only to lose the re-election in 1980.He managed to win Bihar Legislative Assembly election later in 1980, and again in 1985 to become leader of opposition in Bihar assembly in 1989.Later in 1989, he was also elected for Lok Sabha under V. P. Singh government.By 1990, he positioned himself as the leader of Yadav (11.7% of the Bihar's) and lower castes.Muslims, who had traditionally served as Congress (I) vote bank, shifted their loyalty to Prasad after the 1989 Bhagalpur violence.He became popular among the Muslim and Yadav voters of Bihar.
In November 2005 state elections RJD won 54 seats, less than both Janata Dal United (JDU) and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). Nitish Kumar led coalition, consisting of JD(U) and BJP, came to power. In the 2010 elections, the RJD tally was reduced to just 22 seats whereas the ruling alliance claimed a record 206 out of the 243 Assembly seats.
In 2009 general election RJD won 4 seats and provided outside support to Manmohan Singh government.In May 2012, Lalu Prasad Yadav envisaged Hamid Ansari, previous Vice-President, as a presidential candidate.In May 2013, Lalu Yadav tried to rejuvenate the party and fuel the party workers in his Parivartan Rally.After the conviction in Fodder Scam on 3 October 2013, Yadav was disqualified from the membership of Lok Sabha.
In 2014 general election, Lalu Yadav's RJD again won 4 seats. Lalu Yadav has been working on a merger of six parties to form a Janata Parivar.
In the Bihar Legislative Assembly election, 2015, Lalu Yadav's RJD became the largest party with a total of 81 seats. He along with his partner Nitish Kumar of JD(U) had the absolute majority to form a government in Bihar. This was cited as a major comeback for the RJD and for Lalu Yadav on the political stage of Bihar after a gap of 10 years. But that suffocating alliance did not last long as Nitish Kumar dumped and ousted Lalu's party from the power and alliance in July 2017 after the Enforcement Directorate and Central Bureau of Investigation lodged several criminal cases against Lalu's son and Deputy Chief Minister, Tejashwi Yadav.